What is Group and Group Dynamics:- Any organization is made with different types of groups. Purpose of groups is one followed by different activities. To achieve common objective, groups are form, interact and coordinate with each other, leads the activity and group and disburse from group. From this chapter you will get the idea about group, what is it group, why we join group, structure of group, process of development or formation of group, group and group dynamics and group cohesiveness. Group -: Group is a collectively of two or more than two persons. They are coming together to perform assigned work.
Group Dynamic -: Group dynamic is concern with the interactions with forces among group members in any situation.
It is a behaviour and psychological processes occurring within a social group (intra group dynamics), or between social groups.
Dynamic word comes from Greek word “Force”.
What is group -:
– Two or more than two people
– See themselves as a member
– Do interaction among member
– Work for share goal
People often join group for -:
– For stability and enhance their achievement capacity
– Have sense of security
– Develop self esteem
– Create standard in social
– Achieve goal
– Have a power
Group Structure -:
Group structure based on following four aspects
1] Norms -: Feelings and attitude commonly share by group members. It refers set of rules or standards of behaviour that applies for group members.
2] Roles -: Various task performed by group members. Role perceptions (behave based on own perception) and role expectations (how others should behave) are the two elements define the role identity.
3] Status -: Base on authority and performance status defines rank or position in group
4] Cohesiveness -: It is bonding of interpersonal attraction that links group members for optimal performance. Cohesion always based on social and task.
If there is high group cohesiveness then there will be unity, interactive environment, positive feeling, cope up with problems, more capable and productive.
If there is low group cohesiveness then there will be disconnect, negative environment, more problems with less capability and productivity.
Source of group cohesiveness -:
3] Severity of initiation
5] Shred goal
8] Attitude, Personality and Value
Action of increase cohesiveness -:
– Increase interaction among group member
– Decrease group size
– Introduce competition
– Allocate rewards to group rather than individual
With increasing group cohesiveness, productivity also increase up to certain group size. Productivity shall be low, moderate and high based on group cohesiveness.
Types of group -:
A] Formal group
– Command (Standing) group
– Task group
B] Informal group
– Interest group
– Friendship group
– Reference group
C] Change group
– Open group
– Closed group
D] In or out group
– In group
– Out group
How group forms -:
Peoples are attracted with one another or coming together on the basis of similar attitude and values (Religion, politics, lifecycle, marriage, work, goals) towards common objectives.
Stages of group formation / Group formation process / group development process -:
1] Forming – :
Members get to know each other reach common objectives. It sets ground rules for the group.
2] Storming -:
Group members disagree on direction and leadership of group. Sometimes group members resist control by group leaders.
3] Norming -:
Members work together developing close relationship and bonding. Members Work with cohesiveness for optimal performance.
4] Performing –:
Members start real work towards getting their job done.
5] Adjourning -:
Group may disburse or member leaves group after their goals.