Test Automation testing is a testing technique which is used to implement / automate process of a manual testing and entire life cycle of the software in minimum time. Automation of test execution provides efficiency and effectiveness to the testing software and develops software value.
Execution can be performed using the automation tool directly or through the Test Management tool which will invoke the automation tool.
To automate test execution testers need to write a suitable script by own to test software and execute test case suits with the help of tool (It means without any manual involvement)
As per the written script automation software can enter test data into the system under test, compare expected and actual result and generate detailed test report.
Once the test suite automated, no human intervention is required. Also it is possible to record this test suite and replay it when it is required.
Automation of test is used to reduce the number of test cases to be run manually and not eliminate manual testing all together.
Manual Test cases for login: –
|Test Case ID||Precondition||Test Case Description||Test Case Procedure||Test Case
|Expected Result||Actual Result||Status||Priority|
|Login001||Internet should be on||Open Login Windows From Home Page||Click on Login Button||Enter URL||Login window should be
|Login window Open||Pass|
|Login002||User name should be available||Check User Field In Login Window||Enter User Name||User Name =kaps||User Name should be accepted and focus should be shifted to password field||User Name Accepted||Pass|
|Login003||Password should be available||Check Password Field in Login Window||Enter Password||Password=12345||Password Should Be accepted||Password Accepted||Pass|
|ES Login004||Enter valid user name and password||Open Logged In User Profile||Click on login Button||Click on login button||User Profile Page should be open||User Profile Page Opened||Pass|
Above manual test cases can be automate with the help of script. It is done with the help of following process
Choose the appropriate tool for the test automation
Identify areas within software to automate
Write test script
Develop test suite
Execute test script
Build result report
When to automate an application: –
Test suite can be automate based on following scenario of the software
Business critical test cases (High risk)
Requirement do not change frequently
Test cases that are executed repeatedly
Test cases that complicated and difficult to perform manually
Time consuming test cases
When not to automate an application: –
Test cases that are newly designed and not executed manually at least once
Frequently changing requirement
Executed on ad-hoc basis
Benefits of Automation of Test Execution: –
It is faster than manual
Wider test coverage
Save time and cost
No human intervention is required
Reusable test script
Reduce repetitive wok
More cycle of execution can be done when it is required
Early time to market