CAT 2019 Exam Date, Registration

Common Admission Test (CAT) 2019 exam will be held on Sunday, 24th November, 2019 in morning and evening session and registration started from 7th August, 2019. Indian Institute of Management (IIM) conduct CAT exam every year for various post graduate programs. This article focused on CAT 2019 Exam Date, Registration date which is declared by IIM’s.

CAT exam is a National level exam. On the basis of CAT 2019 score aspirant can also get admission into other management

CAT 2019 Exam Date, Registration:

Following are the important dates for the registration and exam. Click here for official date or update of CAT 2019 exam:

Event Important Date
Exam Date Notification: 28th July, 2019
Online Registration Start: 7th August, 2019
Last Date of Registration:  18th September, 2019
Admit card download: 23rd October, 2019
Test date: 24th November, 2019
Result declaration: Second week of January, 2020
(Tentative)

Click here for CAT 2019 Registration
CAT 2019 will be conducted by IIMs as a pre-requisite for admission to various management programmes of IIMs.


These programmes are like MBA, PGP, PGPEM, PGPPM, PGPBA etc.

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History of Operating System (OS)

Probably many of us don’t have idea about what is operating system, history of operating system (OS) and how operating system works. Computer system, mobile device and other electronica devices has operating system which plays important role to perform different operations.

An operating system is the most important programs or operations or tasks that runs on a computer.

It perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of all files and directories on the disk, memory management and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

Operating systems can be found on a countless number of items including:

  1. Mobile phone
  2. ATM machines and
  3. Even many modern day automobiles
When and why we started to use operating system. The detailed history of Operating system is as:

The First Generation (1940 to early 1950):

When electronic computers where first introduced in the 1940’s they were created without any operating systems.

All programming was done in absolute machine language, often by wiring up plug boards to control the machine’s basic functions.

During this generation computers were generally used to solve simple math calculations, operating systems were not necessarily needed.

The Second Generation (1955 to 1965):

The first operating system was introduced in the early 1950’s, it was called GMOS and was created by General Motors for IBM’s machine the 701.

Operating systems in the 1950’s were called single-stream batch processing systems because the data was submitted in groups.

These new machines were called mainframes, and they were used by professional operators in large computer rooms.

The Third Generation (1965 to 1980):

By the late 1960’s operating systems designers were able to develop the system of multiprogramming in which a computer program will be able to perform multiple jobs at the same time.

Multiprogramming system allowed a CPU to be busy nearly 100 percent of the time that it was in operation.

Helps to phenomenal growth of minicomputers development and started towards personal computer.

The Fourth Generation (1980 to Present Day):

The fourth generation of operating systems saw the creation of personal computing.

One of the major factors in the creation of personal computing was the birth of Microsoft and the Windows operating system.

The windows Operating System was created in 1975 with a vision to take personal computing to the next level.

MS-DOS in 1981. Some other operating system also developed after some modification in functions like

Windows 95

Windows 98

Windows XP etc.

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Functions of Operating System (OS)

As a core system software program, basic functions of operating system plays important role to run various application on the hardware and makes it usable for the user to interact with the system so that they can send command through input and receive result as a output. This article focus on how execute command successfully using basic characteristics, functions of operating system and role of operating system function.

Following components of operating system serves basic functions of OS to perform all the basic tasks of computer and acts as communication bridge (interface) between user and computer system.

I] Interface user and resources

II] Coordination between hardware resources

III] Memory Management

IV] Processor Management

V] Device Management

VI] File Management

VII] Security

VIII] Controlling

XI] Error Detecting

X] Job Accounting

I] Interface user and resources:

Operating System (OS) provides an interface between user and computer system through Graphical User Interface (GUI) or Command Line Interface (CLI)

II] Coordination between hardware resources:

An OS enables coordination of hardware components to make communication successful between software and hardware

III] Memory Management:

The OS allocates, de-allocates and manages the primary memory or main memory as per process request.

IV] Processor Management:

An OS decides the order in which processes have access to the processor, and how much processing time each process has. It is also called as process scheduling.

V] Device Management:

An Os manages all device communication via their respective drivers and keep tracks of all device connected to the system

VI] File Management:

An Operating System does the various activities for file management via file system and directories

VII] Security:

It helps to prevents unauthorized access to programs and user data.

VIII] Controlling:

Control and monitor over system health and performance

XI] Error Detecting:

An OS constantly monitors the system to detect errors and avoid the malfunctioning of computer system

X] Job Accounting:

Keeping track of time and resources used by various jobs and users

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What is Operating System OS? Concept and Definition

Once we turn on the computer and started as per our expectation then we feels everything is in control. But behind this process Operating System plays vital role in handling of all necessary tasks to perform. So it is interesting to know what is operating system OS? Concept and Definition of OS and how OS works and what are the different types of operating system.

Definition of Operating System (OS):

An operating system (OS) is defined as, “it is system software that manages all computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.”

According to Peter Baber Galvin, “Operating system is one program running at all times on the computer (usually called the Kernel), with all else being system programs and application programs. “

Concept of Operating System (OS):

OS is a program that can be installed by the user and can be changed.

It is stored on the hard drive

An operating system or OS is a system software program that enables the computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software.

It acts as an intermediary between the computer user and the computer hardware.

It is large and complex, it must be created piece by piece. Each of these pieces should be well defined portion of the system, with clearly mentioned input, output and functions.

OS is a low-level software that supports a computer’s basic functions, such as scheduling tasks and controlling peripherals.

Types of Operating System (OS):

1. Single User Operating System

2. Multi-tasking

3. Batch Processing

4. Multi-programming

5. Multi-processing

6. Real Time System

7. Time Sharing

8. Distributed Data Processing

9. Mobile OS etc.

Example Operating System (OS):

1. Microsoft Windows

2. Apple iOS

3. Google’s Android OS

4. Apple Mac OS

5. Linux Operating System etc.

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How Operating System Works

Operating system is a system software which manages all hardware and software resources of the device. The feeling of everything is in control once you start/turn on the computer but behind this process Operating System plays vital role in handling of all necessary tasks. So it is interesting to know how operating system works.

What is Operating System?

Operating system acts as an intermediary between the computer user and the computer hardware.

It is large and complex, it must be created piece by piece. Each of these pieces should be well defined portion of the system, with clearly mentioned input, output and functions.

How Operating System works?

What operating system do and what exactly operating system’s role in the overall computer system/ during the task. While performing the task computer system divide into four major components viz.

I] Hardware

II] Operating System

III] System and Application Program

IV] User

User  

System and Application Program

Operating System

Computer Hardware

 

I] Hardware:

It consist basic computing resources for the system.

Example: Central Processing Unit (CPU), Memory, input/output (I/O) devices

II] Operating System:

The operating system controls and coordinates the use of the hardware among the various application program for the various user.

III] System and Application Program:

Defines the way in which these resources are used to solve user’s computing resources to solve user computing problems.

Example: Word processor, Spreadsheet, Compiler, Web browser etc.

IV] User:

Interface being used for the computation purpose.

Let’s see how it is?

Step – 1

User sit in front of PC and started access or connected to the minicomputer/workstation through monitor, keyboard, mouse and system unit.

System performance is important to the user instead of resource utilization.

Step – 2

Being an inter mediator and manager of having resources like CPU time, Memory space, File storage space, I/O devices, and so on, OS started to allocate resources as per the computation.

Facing numerous and possible conflicting request for resources, the OS must decide how to allocate them and call them to specific program and user so that it can operate the computer system efficiently and fairly.

OS also acts as control program which manages the execution of user programs to prevent errors and improper use of the computer.

It attention on 100% performance and resources utilization.

Step – 3

Actual experience of optimized performance

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Difference Between MCA in Management and MCA in Engineering

The basic objective of the Masters programme in Computer Application (M.C.A) is to provide a steady stream of necessary knowledge, skills and foundation for acquiring a wide range of rewarding careers into rapidly expanding world of Information Technology. This post focus on what is the major difference between MCA in Management and MCA in Engineering

MCA in Management and MCA in Engineering is Choice Based Credit System Points. They are as:

Total Credit points for MCA in Management are: 160 credits

Total credits=160, 1 credit = 15 lecture Hrs, 100 Marks Subject = 4 Credits

Total Credit points for MCA in Engineering are: 125 credits

Total credits=125, 1 credit = 1 Hour (1 Hour Lecture (L) per week), 1 credit = 2 Hours (Practical (P) per week 2 Hours)

Credit Distribution in Six Semester Duration is as:

Semester
MCA in Management
MCA in Engineering
Credit Points
Credit Points

Semester – I

28

21

Semester – II

28

22

Semester – III

28

22

Semester – IV

28

22

Semester – V

28

24

Semester – VI

20

14

Credit hours are based on the number of “contact hours” per week in class, for one term; formally, Semester Credit Hours. One credit will represent 12 to 15 teaching hours depending on technical and management subjects.
Assessment of Credit System:

The final total assessment of the candidate is made in terms of an:

I] Internal (concurrent) assessment and

II] External (university) assessment for each course.

Examination Scheme:

I] Internal (concurrent) assessment = 30 Marks

II] External (university) assessment for each course = 70 Marks

Internal Exam Assessment Parameter May be:

a) Written test
b) Assignment
c) Seminar presentation
d) Group discussion
e) An open book test (to be conducted in a classroom)
f) MCQ test

Rule of ATKT:

For MCA in Management:

A student shall earn the credits for a given course in MAXIMUM FOUR ATTEMPTS.

For MCA in Engineering:

1. A student can register for the third semester, if he/she earns minimum 50% credits of the total of first and second semesters.

2. A student can register for the fifth semester, if he/she earns minimum 50% credits of the total of third and forth semester and all the credits of first and second semester.

3. A student will be awarded the degree if he/she earns 125 credits and successfully completes all the mandatory audit courses in respective semesters.

Semester wise syllabus:

Click here for MCA in Management

Click here for MCA in Engineering

 

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What is Strategic Brand Management Process

Getting a Brand with strong market share is not an accident. This is the result of thoughtful, imaginative and strategic planning process done in advance. Strategic brand management process helps to maximize the probability of success through series of sequential steps taken to brand identity and brand positioning in the mind of customers. Strategic brand management process helps in establishing the brand to stand in the market.

Strategic brand management process allows company to differentiate from its competitors, helps to add values to the brand, fulfill customer requirement, communicate message what they want to convey to create brand positioning and brand identity and increase market share.

Brand is not just a logo, it is a promise that firms makes to its targeted audience. It is ongoing process to hold their customers and deliver the values what they want.

Following four steps of strategic brand management process gives the maximum effect over a long period of time to build a brand in the market.

1] Identify and Establish Brand Identity

2] Plan and Implement Brand Marketing Program

3] Measure and Interpret Brand Performance

4] Grow and Sustain Brand Equity

1] Identify and Establish Brand Identity:-

Used to create strong base for brand identity and positioning in the market.

The major difference between brand identity and brand positioning is:

Brand identity means to know the exact purpose of the existing product which comprises core values
– Promises/Assurance
– Mission based on core values
– Visualization

Brand Positioning and identity are the Unique Selling Price (USP) of your product. Once you set this both (Brand Positioning and identity) so it’s essential to know competitors landscape viz.
– Who are as brand competitor
– What is competitors market share
– What is the competitors frame of reference
– Identify significant gap
– Choose Unique Selling Preposition
– What you retain as a competitors in market
– Position your brand

2] Plan and Implement Brand Marketing Program:-

It is process of applying marketing mix strategy (4/7P’s) to offering the combinations of:
– Right product to service
– Right place
– Right price
– Right promotion and communication tool
– Right people
– Right process
– Right physical evidence
To reach the targeting audience or customer.

3] Measure and Interpret Brand Performance:-

Measure brand performance in terms of its real values which are delivering to the customers. Off course we look other metrics also such as:
– Sales revenue
– Market Share
– Reviews and rating
But the best way to measure is brand audit and value created in the market.

4] Grow and Sustain Brand Equity:-

It describe the value having a know brand name based on product, services, support, idea, innovation and variation, promotion etc. to brand recognition. It is more challenging growing and sustaining in market even though having a great market equity and recognition

Strategic brand management process helps to create band equity.

 

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Direct Second Year Engineering Admission 2019-20 Schedule

All types of candidates aspiring for admission under CAP seats, it is mandatory to get registered and get Documents Verified and application confirmed at designated Facilitation Center. Only those Candidates who have verified and confirmed documents at Facilitation Centers and having CAP Merit number shall be eligible for Direct Second Year Engineering / Technology 2019-2020 admission for all types of seats/quota under CAP.

Activities and schedule for direct second year engineering admission 2019-2020:-

1] Online registration of application for admission
2] Documents verification, uploading and confirmation of Application Form for Admission at Facilitation Centers (FC)
3] Display merit list
4] Fill CAP Round option form
5] Confirm application form at ARC

Schedule of for online application and display of merit lists for Maharashtra State Candidature / All India Candidature:-
S.N Activity Schedule
Start Date End date
1 Online registration of application and uploading of required documents by the Candidate for admission on website (For Maharashtra State/All India ). 10-07-19 * 17*-07-19 up to 11.59 p.m
2 Documents verification and confirmation of Application Form for Admission  11-07-19 * 18*-07-19 
Up to 5.00 pm
Facility of Online Registration & Documents verification, confirmation of Application Form for Admission to Seats other than CAP Seats shall be continued till 24th August 2019 up to 5.00 p.m. at FC.
a) Applications registered after 17th July 2019 shall be considered only for Non CAP Seats..
b) Applications confirmed at FC after 18th July 2019 shall be considered only for Non CAP Seats.
3 Display of the provisional merit list for Maharashtra State candidates on website 19-07-19
4 Submission of grievance, if any, for all type of Candidates at FC [During this period candidate can submit documents ( if any) for verification at FC] 20-07-19 22-07-19 Up to 5.00PM
5 Display of the Final Merit lists of Maharashtra State candidates on website. 23-07-2019

6 Display of Provisional Category wise Seats (Seat Matrix) for CAP Round I Up to 23-07-2019

Cap Round I
7 Online Submission & Confirmation of Option Form of CAP Round-I through candidate’s Login by the Candidate. 24-07-19 26-07-19
8 Display of Provisional Allotment of CAP Round-I 28-07-2019

9 Reporting to the Admission Reporting Centre (ARC) as per Allotment of CAP Round I. 
29-07-2019
31-07-2019
10 Reporting to the Allotted Institute and Confirmation of Admission by submitting required documents and payment of fee after CAP Round I. [ Note: Candidates who have reported to ARC as per 9(i), 9(ii) above must report to allotted Institute for confirmation of admission.] 29-07-2019 01-08-2019

Cap Round II

11 Display of Provisional Vacant Seats for CAP Round-II 02-08-2019  
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How to Check Image is Fake or Not

In the age of technology anything is possible to do with anyone even though it an unlawful. Someone wants to break image, bad publicity of other they usually play with this kind of game unethically. So it need of everyone to know how to check images is fake or not.

It is also related to quick way to verify actual images and picture has been copied or not using reverse image search. It helps in how to check fake image or not by Google , TinEye reverse image search and fake image detector

People are more cautious of reflexively hitting share of “Fake News” on social media. Those are not aware they can easily trap.

Now it is very easy to know using technology of others technology. But how can you quickly verify whether what you are seeing is true or not and it is possible to know by using following way.

Following are the tricks to check image is fake or not, copied or not, actual or morphed as:

1] By Google Image (Google Reverse Image Search):

It helps to know when picture was first used and where and when the event is portrays happened. It shows credible source of image. It is used to check by image URL or uploaded image

Steps to know how it works:

I] Go to Google.com

II] Click on Images of right side of top corner

III] Click on search by image icon of search box

IV] Paste image URL or Upload an image

V] Click on search by image

VI] Display result of source of image

2] By TinEye Reverse Image Search:

It search by image or image source and find where that image appear online

Steps to know how it works:

I] Go to TinEye.com

II] Click on Up-arrow or paste image source in search box

III] Press enter

IV] Display result of source of image

3] Fake Image Detector:

This is smart phone app used to verify a photo or poster of which you have taken a picture.

4] Other Apps:

From the Chrome or Firefox app store

Steps to know how it works:

I] Open Chrome or Firefox

II] Open Google.com

III] Click on “Google Apps” of right side of top corner

IV] Select play store

V] Search Fake image detector app

VI] Display result related to available apps like

Fake Image Detector

Image Detector

Photo Fraud Detector

Search by Image

Image Recognizer and many more

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First Year Engineering (BE) Revised Admission Schedule 2019 Process and Important date

Government of Maharashtra State Common Entrance Test CET CELL issued notice for online registration, document verification and application form confirmation at Facilitation Center (FC). As per declared BE admission schedule by Maharashtra CET Cell for First Year Engineering (BE) admission Schedule 2019 process and important date of CAP round.

Aspiring candidates visit to FC centers for the same.

Visit FC with all required list of original documents.

BE admission process 2019-20 is valid for the admission to First Year of Four Year Full Time Under Graduate Course in the Government, Government Aided, University Managed, University Departments, ICT Mumbai and Unaided Private Professional Educational Institutions for the Academic Year 2019-20 in the Maharashtra State.

The activities and scheduled dates for Maharashtra State/All India & NRI/OCI /PIO / CIWGC/FN candidates are as follows:

S.N Name of Activity Schedule
Start Date End Date
1 Online registration of application and uploading of required documents by the Candidate for admission on website (For Maharashtra State/All India & NRI/OCI/PIO /CIWGC /FN candidates 24-06-2019 30-06-2019 up to 11:59 PM
2 Documents verification and confirmation of Application Form for Admission. 25-06-2019

1-07-2019*

 Up to 5 pm

3 Display of the provisional merit list for Maharashtra State/All India candidates on website. 2-07-2019
4 Submission of grievance, if any, for all type of Candidates at FC [During this period candidate can submit documents ( if any) for verification at FC] 3-07-2019

4-07-2019

 Up to 5 pm

5
Display of the final merit lists of Maharashtra State/All India candidates on website.
5-07-2019
6 Display of Provisional Category wise Seats (Seat Matrix) for CAP Round I

Up to 5-07-2019

7 Online Submission & Confirmation of Option Form of CAP Round-I through candidate’s Login by the Candidate. 6-07-2019 8-07-2019
8 Display of Provisional Allotment of CAP Round-I 10-06-2019
9 Reporting to the Admission Reporting Center as per Allotment of CAP Round I. 11-07-2019 14-07-2019
  Reporting to the Allotted Institute and Confirmation of Admission by submitting required documents and payment of fee after CAP Round I 12-07-2019 15-07-2019
10 Display of Provisional Vacant Seats for CAP Round-II 16-07-2019
11 Online Submission & Confirmation of Option Form of CAP Round-II through candidate’s Login by the Candidate. 17-07-2019 18-17-2019
12 Display of Provisional Allotment of CAP Round-II 20-07-2019
13 Reporting to the ARC as per Allotment of CAP Round II if seat is allotted for first time in CAP Round II 21-07-2019 22-07-2019
  Reporting to the Allotted Institute and Confirmation of Admission by submitting required documents and payment of fee after CAP Round II
22-07-2019 23-07-2019
14 Display of Provisional Vacant Seats for CAP Round-III 24-07-2019
15 Online Submission & Confirmation of Option Form of CAP Round-III through candidate’s Login by the Candidate 25-07-2019 26-07-2019
16 Display of provisional Allotment of CAP Round-III 28-07-2019
17 Reporting to the ARC as per Allotment of CAP Round III if seat is allotted for first time in CAP Round III 29-07-2019 31-07-2019
18 Reporting to the Allotted Institute and Confirmation of
Admission by submitting required documents and payment of fees after CAP Round III.
30-07-2019 01-07-2019
Note: Click here for more information and if change in any schedule
 
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